AUSTRALIAN CITIZENSHIP BY CONFERRAL

Eligible Australian permanent residents and New Zealand citizens who hold a New Zealand Special Category Visa can become Australian citizens by conferral.

MORE ABOUT GETTING AUSTRALIAN CITIZENSHIP BY CONFERRAL

THE REQUIREMENTS:

To apply for Australian citizenship, candidates must:

  • Be an Australian permanent resident or an eligible New Zealand citizen with a New Zealand Special Category Visa (SCV) (Subclass 444)
  • Have been living in Australia on a valid visa for four years immediately before the date of application
  • Have held a permanent visa or an SCV for the last 12 months immediately before the date of application
  • Not have been absent from Australia for more than 12 months in total in the past four years, including no more than 90 days in total in the 12 months immediately before applying for citizenship
  • Be likely to live or continue to live in Australia, or maintain a close and continuing link with Australia while overseas.
  • Meet Australia's character requirements if 18 or older

MORE INFORMATION FOR CITIZENSHIP APPLICANTS 59 AND YOUNGER:

  • Citizenship applicants must sit a citizenship test to prove:
    • Basic knowledge of the English language
    • An understanding of what it means to become an Australian citizen
    • Adequate knowledge of Australia and the responsibilities and privileges of citizenship
    • Understanding and commitment to Australian values based on freedom, respect and equality

MORE INFORMATION FOR CITIZENSHIP APPLICANTS 60 AND OLDER:

  • Applicants do not have to sit the citizenship test but may have an interview to confirm their identity and demonstrate that they understand the nature of the application they're making.

MORE INFORMATION FOR PARENTS AND CHILDREN:

  • Parents can include dependent children who are 15 or younger in their citizenship application. Children included in applications must also be permanent residents.
  • Parents cannot include children who are 16 or 17. Instead, children of these ages must apply for citizenship on their own.
  • Children 15 or younger can apply for citizenship in their own right if their parents are not applying to become citizens.

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

It is possible to get Australian citizenship by conferral, as described on this page, or by descent, which means the person was born outside Australia to a parent who was an Australian citizen at the time of the birth.

Australia does allow dual citizenship, so someone who becomes an Australian citizen can remain a citizen of another country.

Citizenship applicants must have held permanent residence for the 12 months preceding the application.

In addition, applicants must have lived in Australia on a valid visa for the four years preceding the application and must not have been away from Australia for more than 12 months in total in the four years preceding the citizenship application.

The latter requirement includes no more than 90 days in total in the 12 months preceding the application.

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